SECURE Act of 2019
IRA Disclosure Supplement
On December 20, 2019, President Trump signed into law the Setting Every Community Up for Retirement Enhancement (SECURE) Act of 2019. Many of the provisions contained within the SECURE Act are effective January 1, 2020.
Due to the extremely short timeframe between the bill’s passage and the January 1, 2020, effective date for some for the bill’s key IRA provisions, financial service providers are having to proceed in good faith with minimal guidance from federal regulators. It is anticipated that federal regulator will publish guidance and updated model language soon concerning the changes brought about by the SECURE Act of 2019.
In the interim, this IRA Disclosure Supplement is being provided to notify you of recent changes made by the SECURE Act that, as a result of the above, are not yet reflected in your IRA Plan Agreement and Disclosure Statement. This Disclosure Supplement is intended to provide you with a general, high-level overview of the IRA changes included in the SECURE Act of 2019. Given the complexity of these changes and the near-term lack of federal guidance, we encourage you to seek the assistance of a competent tax and/or legal professional if you have questions or concerns about how you may be affected by the SECURE Act of 2019.
Required Minimum Distributions Beginning at Age 72
The SECURE Act of 2019 changes the age at which Traditional, SEP and SIMPLE IRA owners must begin taking required minimum distributions (RMDs).
Individuals Born After June 30, 1949
Under the SECURE Act of 2019, individuals born after June 30, 1949, must begin taking required minimum distributions at age 72. For these individuals, the deadline for taking the first required distribution is April 1 of the year following in which they turn age 72.
Individuals Born Before July 1, 1949
Individuals born before July 1, 1949, must begin required minimum distributions by no later than April 1 following the year in which they attain age 70½. Traditional, SEP and SIMPLE IRA owners who attained age 70½ during 2019 must take their first required minimum distribution no later than April 1, 2020.
Traditional IRA Funding – Age 70½ Restriction
The SECURE Act of 2019 eliminates the 70½ age restriction for funding a Traditional IRA.
2020 Tax Year and Beyond
Under the SECURE Act of 2019, the age restriction on funding a Traditional IRA has been eliminated beginning with the 2020 tax year. For 2020 and later years, individuals who have earned income from working may continue to fund their IRA beyond age 70½.
Not Applicable for 2019 Carryback Contributions
While this change takes effect on January 1, 2020, the new rule DOES NOT apply to carryback contributions made for the 2019 tax year (i.e., individuals who are age 70½ or older during 2019 cannot make a Traditional IRA contribution for the 2019 tax year).
Penalty-Free IRA Withdrawals for Certain Births/Adoptions
While taxable IRA withdrawals taken prior to age 59½ are typically subject to the IRS early withdrawal penalty, certain exceptions exist. Beginning January 1, 2020, a new penalty exception allows certain qualifying individuals to withdraw up to $5,000 from an IRA (or other tax-qualified savings plan) before age 59½ in the case of a qualifying birth or qualifying adoption.
Qualified Birth or Adoption Distribution
To be considered a “Qualified Birth or Adoption Distribution”, the distribution must be taken during the 1-year period beginning on the date on which a child of the individual is born or on which the legal adoption of an eligible adoptee is finalized.
The maximum amount any one individual can claim as a Qualified Birth or Adoption Distribution with respect to one child or one eligible adoptee is $5,000, regardless of the number of IRAs and/or employer-sponsored retirement plans he/she owns.
Under the new penalty exception, the term “Eligible Adoptee” generally means any individual who has not attained age 18 or is physically or mentally incapable of self-support.
In addition to claiming an exception from the 10% early withdrawal penalty, individuals who take a Qualified Birth or Adoption Distribution have the option to recontribute (i.e., roll over) the distribution back into an IRA in the future.
Accelerated Withdrawals for IRA Beneficiaries
Effective for deaths occurring on or after January 1, 2020, the SECURE Act of 2019 changes the withdrawal options for many nonspouse IRA beneficiaries. Under the SECURE Act of 2019, nonspouse beneficiaries of IRA owners who pass away on or after January 1, 2020, must generally withdraw all inherited IRA assets by December 31 of the year containing the tenth anniversary of the IRA owner’s death.
Exceptions for Spouse Beneficiaries
The options available to spousal IRA beneficiaries are relatively unchanged under the SECURE Act. Spouse beneficiaries will still typically have the options of treating a decedent’s IRA as his or her own or of taking life expectancy distributions from the inherited IRA. In addition, spouse beneficiaries will now have the option – at least in some cases – of withdrawing the proceeds from a decedent’s IRA over a 10-year period.
Exceptions for Certain Nonspouse Beneficiaries
While nonspouse beneficiaries of IRA owners who pass away on or after January 1, 2020, must generally withdraw all the inherited IRA assets within 10 years, there are exceptions for certain categories of nonspouse beneficiaries.
A minor child beneficiary of the IRA owner who has not yet reached the age of majority at the time of the IRA owner’s death is generally eligible to take annual minimum distributions based on his/her own single life expectancy until reaching the age of majority. Once the child reaches the age of majority, such beneficiary will typically be required to withdraw the remaining balance of the inherited IRA within 10 years from when the child reaches the age of majority.
- Disabled Individuals
A nonspouse beneficiary who meets certain statutory requirements to qualify as disabled will generally be eligible to take annual minimum distributions over his/her single life expectancy.
- Chronically Ill Individuals
A nonspouse beneficiary who meets certain statutory requirements to qualify as chronically ill will generally be eligible to take annual minimum distributions over his/her single life expectancy.
- Beneficiaries Not More than 10 Years Younger than IRA Owner
A nonspouse beneficiary who is not more than 10 years younger than the IRA owner will generally be eligible to take annual minimum distributions based on his/her single life expectancy.
5-Year Withdrawal Period for Some Non-Person Beneficiaries
While the SECURE Act of 2019 requires that most nonspouse beneficiaries withdraw all assets from an inherited IRA within 10 years of the death of the IRA owner, non-person beneficiaries (i.e., estates, charities, etc.), under certain circumstances, must withdraw IRA assets from a deceased IRA owner’s IRA within 5 years following the death of an IRA owner.
Special Rules for Trust Beneficiaries
Under the SECURE Act of 2019, the withdrawal requirements applicable in the case of a trust beneficiary vary widely depending on many factors including, but not limited to, whether all underlying beneficiaries of the trust beneficiary are considered “designated beneficiaries” according to statutory requirements and whether any of the underlying beneficiaries of the trust are considered chronically ill or disabled.
Internet Banking Customer Awareness & Education Program
First Federal Bank of Wisconsin (FFBW) is committed to protecting its customers’ information. FFBW will NEVER request personal information by phone, email or text messaging including account numbers, personal identification information, passwords or any other confidential customer information. Our top priority is to safeguard your confidential information and we work diligently to do so.
Internet Banking Security
FFBW uses the latest technology to secure your information when transmitted over the Internet. Encryption standards such as TLS and trusted certificates are used to protect your information when transferred between your computer and First Federal Bank of Wisconsin. In addition to the security features, here are some things you can do to protect your information:
- Watch out for suspicious emails that ask for your personal information. If you receive an email from us and are unsure whether it is legitimate, then please contact us and we will be glad to assist you.
- Never share or give out your Access ID, User Name, Passwords, or Security Challenge Questions & Answers.
- Do not use personal information as your Access ID, User Name or Passwords.
- Create hard-to-guess passwords that include upper & lowercase letters, numbers and special symbols.
- Change your passwords frequently and don’t use the same ones you’ve used before.
- Avoid using public computers and WiFi to access your Internet Banking portal.
- Do not provide any personal information to web sites that do not use encryption or other secure methods of protection.
- Ensure that your computer is equipped with up-to-date Anti-Virus software.
- Ensure your computer and mobile device have the latest software version.
Commercial Banking Internet Security
In addition to the information provided regarding “Internet Banking Security”, Commercial & Small Business account holders should institute additional measures in order to further protect their online banking information. For example:
- Perform your own annual internal risk assessment & evaluation on all online accounts
- Establish internal policies regarding employee internet usage
- Ensure all company computers are equipped with up-to-date antivirus protection software
What is Identify Theft?
Identify theft occurs when someone uses your personal information such as your Social Security number, account number or credit number, without your permission, to commit fraud or other crimes. Protect yourself by:
- Reporting lost or stolen checks or credit cards immediately
- NEVER give out any personal information
- Shred all documentation that contains confidential information (i.e. bank and credit card statements, bills and invoices that contain personal information, expired credit cards and pay-stubs).
- Check your credit report annually
Check Your Credit
Any consumer can request one free copy of his or her credit report every year. Reviewing your credit report can help you find out if someone has opened unauthorized financial accounts, or taken out unauthorized loans, in your name. Contact the three major credit bureaus – Equifax (1-800-685-1111), Experian (1-888- 397-3742) and Trans Union (1-800-916-8800) to request a copy.
How to Contact Us
The Online Banking Department can be reached at our toll-free number 1-800-556-1234 or directly by email at email@example.com. In addition do not hesitate to contact us immediately to report any of the following: General online banking inquiries, lost or stolen Access ID, username or password, receipt of suspicious or fraudulent mail, email or websites related to First Federal Bank of Wisconsin.
How Does Regulation E Apply to Your Accounts with Internet Access?
Regulation E protects individual consumers engaging in electronic fund transfers (EFT). Non-consumer (or business) accounts are not protected by Regulation E.
What is an EFT?
The electronic exchange or transfer of money from one account to another, either within a single financial institution or across multiple institutions initiated through electronic-based systems. The term includes, but is not limited to:
- Point-of-sale transfers
- Automated Teller Machine transfers (ATM)
- Direct deposits or withdrawal of funds
- Transfers initiated by telephone
- Transfers resulting from debit card transactions, whether or not initiated through an electronic terminal
- Transfers initiated through internet banking/bill pay
How does Regulation E apply to a consumer using internet banking and/or bill pay?
Regulation E is a consumer protection law for accounts established primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. Non-consumer accounts, such as Corporations, Partnerships, Trusts, etc are excluded from coverage. Regulation E gives consumers a way to notify their financial institution that an EFT has been made on their account without their permission.
Is Your Account Protected?
Any fraudulent or unauthorized EFTs are protected. For a description on what an EFT is under Regulation E please refer to the section “What is an EFT?” above. Further information on Regulation E and how it applies to your account here at First Federal Bank of Wisconsin is available on our website at www.firstfederalwisconsin.com
What are the applicable protections provided under Regulation E for consumers who use internet banking and/or bill pay?
If you believe an unauthorized EFT has been made on your account, contact us immediately. If you notify us within 2 business days after you learn of the loss or theft of your ATM/debit card or Personal Identification Number (PIN), the most you can lose is $50. Failure to notify the bank within 2 business days may result in additional losses.
Unlimited loss to a consumer account can occur if:
- The periodic statement reflects an unauthorized transfer of money from your account, and you fail to report the unauthorized transfer to us within 60 days after we mailed your first statement on which the problem or error appeared
Exclusions from Protection
The term EFT does not include:
- Checks — Any transfer of funds originated by check, draft or similar paper instrument or any payment made by check, draft or similar paper instrument at an electronic terminal
- Check Guarantee or Authorization — Any transfer of funds that guarantees payment or authorizes acceptance of a check, draft or similar paper instrument but does not directly result in a debit or credit to a consumer’s account
- Wire or other similar transfers — Any transfer of funds through a wire transfer system that is used primarily for transfers between financial institutions or between businesses
- Securities and Commodities Transfers — Any transfer of funds for the primary purpose of the purchase or sale of a security or commodity, if the security or commodity is:
- Regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission or the Commodity Futures Trading
- Purchased or sold through a broker-dealer regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission or through a futures commission merchant regulated by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission
- Held in Book-entry form by a Federal Reserve Bank or federal agency
- Automatic transfers by account-holding institution — Any transfer of funds under an agreement between a consumer and a financial institution which provides that the institution will initiate individual transfers without a specific request from the consumer:
- Between a consumer’s accounts within the financial institution
- From a consumer’s account to an account of a member of the consumer’s family held in the same financial institution
- Between a consumer’s account and an account of the financial institution, except that these transfers remain subject to § 205.10(e) regarding compulsory use and sections 915 and 916 of the act regarding civil and criminal liability. (Refer to “Coverage in Detail” section below.)
- Telephone-initiated transfers — Any transfer of funds that:
- Is initiated by a telephone communication between a consumer and financial institution making the transfer; and
- Does not take place under a telephone bill payment or other written plan in which periodic or recurring transfers are contemplated.
Regulation E – Coverage in Detail
For a complete detailed explanation of protections provided under Regulation E, please visit the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB’s) website: http://www.consumerfinance.gov/eregulations/1005
How does Regulation E apply to a non-consumer using internet banking and/or bill pay?
A non-consumer (business account) customer using internet banking and/or bill pay is not protected under Regulation E. As such, special consideration should be made by the business customer to ensure adequate internal security controls are in place that commensurate with the risk level that the customer is willing to accept. As a non-consumer customer you should perform periodic assessments to evaluate the security and risk controls you have in place. The risk assessment should be used to determine the risk level associated with any internet activities you perform and any controls you have in place to mitigate these risks.
Mobile Banking Safety Tips
Managing your finances using a smartphone or tablet can be very convenient. However, you should consider these safety tips to protect your account information:
- Be proactive in protecting your smartphone and/or tablet by installing anti-malware software on the device.
- Research any application (app) before you download it. Fraudulent apps are often designed with names that look like real apps. It’s best if you access an app using a link from the provider’s website.
- Create a strong password or PIN for your mobile app and your device.
- Use at least eight characters
- Do not use your username, real name or company name
- Do not use a complete word
- Make it significantly different from previous passwords
- Use a character from each of the following categories (some apps may limit symbols)
- Uppercase letters
- Lowercase letters
- Use an auto-lock or time-out feature so your device will lock when it is left unused for a certain period of time.
- Upgrade your device to the latest operating system version.
- Do not jailbreak or root your mobile device. Doing so exposes the security controls and makes your device vulnerable to cyber-attacks.
- Check your account history periodically to make sure there are no fraudulent transactions.
- Take precautions in case your device is lost or stolen, before your device is lost or stolen. Avoid leaving your device unattended in public places.
- Consult your wireless provider to see if they provide a service to remotely erase your device or turn off access to your device and/or account in the event your device is lost or stolen.
- Always conduct your transactions in a safe environment. Use your cellular service or your own internet provider rather than unsecured/public Wi-Fi networks like those offered at coffee shops.
- Don’t send account numbers or PIN in emails or text messages, because those methods are not necessarily secure.
For more information and tips on how to safe-guard your online security, take a look at the following videos and links: Consumer Information: Identity Theft https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/features/feature-0014-identity-theft Consumer Information: Wiring Money https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/media/video-0079-money-wiring-scams Protecting Your Business: Start With Security https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/audio-video/business Consumer Action: Complaints https://www.usa.gov/consumer-complaints#item-212527 FDIC Consumer Protection http://www.fdic.gov/consumers/ FTC Fraud Resources https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/media/video-0157-fraud-affects-every-community US Department of Homeland Security http://www.us-cert.gov/home-and-business/ Federal Communication Commission – Business Cyber-planner: http://www.fcc.gov/cyberplanner Federal Trade Commission: Identity Theft by Mobile Phone https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/blog/identity-theft-mobile-phone Federal Trade Commission: Tips for Using Public WiFi Networks https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/articles/0014-tips-using-public-wi-fi-networks